The perinatal period is a crucial window of opportunity for parents to strengthen their bond with their child. This period covers the time from one year before to 18-24 months after the birth of the baby. During this time, the baby undergoes three main stages of prenatal development: the germinal stage, the embryonic period, and the fetal period. The germinal stage lasts for two weeks after conception and is when the zygote, or fertilized egg, is implanted in the uterus.
This is also when the baby's genetic makeup and sex are determined. During this stage, fetal morphogenic substances have an organizing effect on neural tissues that mediate mating behavior. The embryonic period lasts from the third to eighth week of pregnancy and is when the baby's organs and body systems begin to form. During this time, the baby's heart begins to beat and its brain starts to develop.
The fetal period lasts from the ninth week of pregnancy until birth. During this time, the baby's organs and body systems continue to develop and mature. The baby's bones and muscles grow stronger, and its senses become more acute. The perinatal period is a critical time for parents to understand their child's development and create a strong bond with them.
By understanding each stage of prenatal development, parents can better prepare themselves for parenthood and ensure their child has a healthy start in life.